White teas are very delicate and rare drinks, and are therefore more expensive. They are made from the last two leaves of tea tree and the bud. White tea does not go through fermentation, i.e. it is not left long in contact with oxygen and right after the picking it is subjected to heat treatment that preserves the fresh color. White teas make a bright and mild at first drink, but they are very high quality and the taste is unsurpassed. Since the last two youngest leaves on the branch are rich in sugars, the beverage in the cup is sweet to taste.
Black tea is oxidized much longer than white and green tea. Unlike the white and green teas , the black tea retains its flavor much longer. Black tea is the most palatable when it is flooded with water to heat about 95 °. Perhaps few of us know that until two centuries ago in Mongolia, Tibet and Siberia this tea has been used as a bargaining unit instead of money. Ever since the Tang Dynasty, black tea has been used by the poor population as a cheap dye fabric.
Green teas are made from the next leaves of tea branch. They are left a little longer to ferment, but it is important to preserve its green color. In the process of drying (heat treatment) remains dark green to brownish green. Within 24 hours after picking tea leaves are dried so that the tannins and chlorophyll do not change, remain in tea leaves and preserves the natural color of green tea leaves . All the active substances are preserved – caffeine, tannin, essential oils, carotene, vitamin C, B1 , B2 , B5 , B7 , B10, fluoride, potassium, sodium, calcium, magnesium, strontium, copper, nickel, zinc, molybdenum, phosphorus .
HERBAL & FRUIT TEA
Unlike other teas, herbal and fruit teas are not madefrom the leaves of the tea plant Camellia Sinensis, but from dried flowers, herbs and fruits. That is why, usually these teas do not contain caffeine, which makes them suitable for everyone. The most commonly used herbs are chamomile , lemon balm , mint, lime , wild or exotic fruits. OOLONG The name of this tea comes from the Chinese name Wu Ling – ” Black Dragon .” Oolong tea is somewhere between black and green tea. The color is yellow-green in processing passes through only partial fermentation. The tea leaves in this case are left of direct sunlight, the shrink and then pass through a short fermentation, which was quenched with a stream of hot air. This type of tea that has an intense aroma and fresh flavor, grows in the Chinese mountain Wee where it is grown at an altitude of 1800 meters back more than 1,000 years.
This is a South African red tea , also known as ” Elixir of Bushmen “. The red shrub can be found only in Africa, where it is considered a national drink . Tree belongs to the legume family and grows only in South Africa.This plant is with needle-like red leaves. Rooibos tea has become unusually popular, thanks to its refreshing qualities. The rooibos doesn`t contain caffeine, but it has a presence in antioxidants that give strength and energy. Due to the absence of caffeine, tea can be consumed by children. Usually this tea is sold scented with the smell of vanilla, lemon, strawberries.
Flowering tea is made from white, green or black tea, the leaves are wrapped with silk thread and then are combined with some dried flowers of jasmine, amaranth, marigold, lily, carnation and others. Usually served in a glass jar , so we can enjoy the beautiful blooming tea. The beneficial properties of blooming tea are many – acts as an antioxidant, strengthens the immune system, reduces the risk of cardiovascular disease.